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ARCHAEOLOGICAL WADDEN REGION — FRIESLAND — PART 1

2 hour 53 minutes (50.1 km)

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Start your bike journey in Harlingen and then swap the bustle of this harbour town for the wide expanse and tranquillity of the terp (man-made dwelling mound) region. This area was first inhabited in around 500 AD. These brave pioneers built terps to escape the floodwaters of the Wadden Sea and complete villages eventually arose on these mounds. Despite the fact that many terps are no longer clearly visible in the landscape, they still tell the story of the clever coastal inhabitants versus the ruthless water.

The sea sometimes took a lot, but it also gave back a lot…

Start your bike journey in Harlingen and then swap the bustle of this harbour town for the wide expanse and tranquillity of the terp (man-made dwelling mound) region. This area was first inhabited in around 500 AD. These brave pioneers built terps to escape the floodwaters of the Wadden Sea and complete villages eventually arose on these mounds. Despite the fact that many terps are no longer clearly visible in the landscape, they still tell the story of the clever coastal inhabitants versus the ruthless water.

The sea sometimes took a lot, but it also gave back a lot. The deposits of nutrient-rich silt provided good soil for agriculture. Overseas trade also provided income. The many gold, silver and bronze pieces of jewellery and coins found in the area tell us that the terp dwellers also prospered and wanted to show it. The highlight is the cloak pin that was found at a terp in Wijnaldum. This royal cloak pin is kept in the Frisian Museum, but other archaeological finds can be seen in the Archaeological Support Point in the village.

Wealthy families often lived in a stins: a habitable stone tower with thick walls, although this didn’t take place until a few centuries later. Many stinsen (pl) have been demolished but some have been absorbed into large manor houses or estates. Dotted along the route are the traces of these prosperous families, such as the gatehouse of the Liauckama estate, the motte at Sexbierum and the entrance portal at the Mariakerk (church) in Boer.

In Firdgum, which consists of no fewer than four terps, you can see how the area’s first inhabitants lived in the turf house. In the neighbouring Yeb Hettinga museum you can learn all about how the inhabitants lived and worked in this unpredictable area over the centuries.

You eventually cycle along the seawall back to Harlingen, where you can relax on a terrace or eat delicious regional Wadden dishes at one of the better restaurants. Don't forget to go up the dike and enjoy the beautiful view.

Sights on this route

Starting point: Kimswerderweg
8862 Harlingen
93 51 54 18

ARCHAEOLOGICAL SUPPPORT POINT WIJNALDUM

Tsjerkepaad 3
8857 BJ Wijnaldum
ARCHAEOLOGICAL SUPPPORT POINT WIJNALDUM
40 43 86

Putswal

Hoarnestreek 18
8854 RP Oosterbierum
Putswal
47 21

Yeb Hettinga Museum

Camstrawei 18
8852 RH Firdgum
Yeb Hettinga Museum
47 97 45 80 86 43 54

WILLEM BARENTSZ EXPEDITION SHIP

Bezoekerscentrum De Barentsz
Wiillemskade
Harlingen
WILLEM BARENTSZ EXPEDITION SHIP
51

11Fountains Harlingen

Nieuwe Willemshaven 1
8862 PK Harlingen
11Fountains Harlingen
End point: Kimswerderweg
8862 Harlingen

Directions

Starting point: Kimswerderweg
8862 Harlingen
  • After Junction 18: Turn right onto Waeigatspaad and follow it for 1.2 km (turns into Fiskersbuorren). At the end, turn left onto the Buorren. After 350 metres turn right onto Tsjerkepaed.
  • Archaeological Support Point Wijnaldum
    Archaeologists are almost certain that a powerful Frisian king once lived on the Wijnaldumer terp. In 1953, a farmer made one of the largest ever international terp finds: the golden cloak pin (or fibula). This cloak pin is kept in the Frisian Museum in Leeuwarden, but you can stop and admire other interesting terp finds in the Support Point.
  • Terpentoren (Terp Tower), the Temple of Wijnaldum
    Located on the edge of the village forest is Terpentoren, by architect Nynke-Rixt Jukema, which provides a beautiful view of the landscape in which the bulges are reminders of the terps (Wijnaldum once consisted of six terps). History is brought to life here. The tower’s corten steel references the red of the almandine in the cloak pin.
  • To get to the Terpentoren, cycle right from the Archaeological Support Point onto the Buorren. After 280 metres, turn left onto Fiskerspaed. The Terpentoren stands at the end of the path.
  • Artwork 'Fibula' (cloak pin)
    When cycling up the terp from the Fiskersdyk to leave the village via the Alde Leanen, you’ll once again be reminded of the special find. The cloak pin is shown here as a work of art. Want to enjoy it at your leisure? There is a bench next to it that’s a nice spot to take a break. To get to the Fibula artwork, go back over the Fiskerspaed. Turn left and follow the road for about 150 metres. The artwork is on the right. You can now leave the village via the Alde Leanen, Reedyk and Fiskersbuorren, where you’ll arrive at Junction 18 again.
  • Former gatehouse of Liauckama estate
    Liauckama estate, owned by the distinguished Frisian Liauckama family, was demolished in 1824. Fortunately, the gatehouse still stands. There are references to it that date back as early as 1479. The gatehouse has several pigeon holes. The gable stone is the coat of arms of the Liauckamas. (The farm there now is not open to the public).
  • Lyts Ropta
    Before continuing your journey, stop by the Lyts Ropta Organic Farm Shop for the tastiest organic products. It’s also a good place to stay overnight. The old bakehouse has been transformed into a beautiful distinctive holiday home.
  • The Hege Wier
    One of the six remaining mottes in Friesland. A stone tower probably belonging to the Goslinga family once stood on this five-metre high hill. Archaeological study has shown that there was also a moat surrounding the motte. Friesland had a lot of mottes during the Middle Ages, which helped wealthy families protect their position of power.
  • Putswal rest stop
    Time for a break? Then stop off at Putswal rest stop. Sit down with a cup of coffee or tea and enjoy the beautiful surroundings.
  • Het Wapen van Barradeel
    Het Wapen van Barradeel restaurant is located in the centre of Tzummarum. Formerly a hotel and station coffeehouse, it’s now a nice place to stop for lunch on the weekend.
  • Yeb Hettinga Museum and Turf House
    Terp dwellers used turf to build houses. An example of this type of early medieval turf house was recreated in Firdgum. The adjacent museum has objects found by amateur archaeologists on the terps around Firdgum. They tell the story of the area’s inhabitants at that time.
End point: Kimswerderweg
8862 Harlingen
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Attributes

  • Name of Administrator: This route has been made possible by the Interreg 5a program Wadden Agenda.
    The 'Wadden Agenda' project is carried out within the framework of the INTERREG program Germany-Netherlands and is co-financed by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the Lower Saxony Ministry of Federal and European Affairs and Regional Development, as well as by the Provinces of Friesland and Groningen, supervised by the program management of the Eems Dollart Region (EDR).
  • Marked: Yes
  • Type of Route: Recreation
  • Route obstacles: On the road
  • Route characteristics: Theme route, From A to A
  • ChildrenYes
  • AlternativeYes
  • GroupsYes
  • BusinessYes
  • FamiliesYes
  • Young peopleYes
  • PupilsYes
  • StudentsYes
  • AdultsYes
  • Senior citizensYes
  • E-bikeYes
  • Mountain bikeYes
  • Racing bikeYes
  • Tour bikeYes