Skip to main content
MAP

Air war over Friesland

48.8 km

During the Second World War there was relatively little fighting on Frisian territory. But in the Frisian airspace there were almost daily air battles between German and allied aircraft. About 400 Allied planes were shot down in the five years of the war.

Because the German cities of Emden, Wilhelmshaven, Bremen and Hamburg were regularly the target of Allied bombers, there was a lot of air traffic over the province of Friesland. In July 1941, the first English bomber on the mainland of Friesland crashed near Mantgum, killing six crew members.

More than four hundred Allied aircraft were lost over…

During the Second World War there was relatively little fighting on Frisian territory. But in the Frisian airspace there were almost daily air battles between German and allied aircraft. About 400 Allied planes were shot down in the five years of the war.

Because the German cities of Emden, Wilhelmshaven, Bremen and Hamburg were regularly the target of Allied bombers, there was a lot of air traffic over the province of Friesland. In July 1941, the first English bomber on the mainland of Friesland crashed near Mantgum, killing six crew members.

More than four hundred Allied aircraft were lost over Friesland and the surrounding waters during the Second World War. In the early years of the war, the fighting mainly took place at night, because the Royal Air Force bombed in the night. When the Americans entered the air battle in 1943, fierce dogfights were also conducted over the province in daylight. Sometimes several planes crashed in one day.

The many air battles over the province of Friesland were mostly related to the presence of Fliegerhorst Leeuwarden. For the Germans, this was the base for the day and night fighters that guarded the coast, escorted convoys and shot down Allied aircraft.

During this cycling route you will visit the crash sites of Allied bombers and you will read more about the resistance group Gaastmeer that sheltered the crew of a Halifax bomber.

Have fun cycling!

Sights on this route

1

Museum Warkums Erfskip

Merk 1
8711CL Workum
Museum Warkums Erfskip
2

Resistance Memorial 1940 – 1945

8711 LD Workum
Resistance Memorial 1940 – 1945
20
3

Crash location Lancaster W4888

8711 HH Workum
Crash location Lancaster W4888
21 19 96
4

Monument Peter Tazelaar

Dijkweg 14
8713 KD Hindeloopen
Terugkeer van de koningin en prinses Juliana in 1945, Erik Hazelhoff Roelfzema staat achter de koningin; Peter Tazelaar naast de prinses.
Monument Peter Tazelaar
18
5

Pilots go into hiding in It Heidenskip

Ursuladijk 28
8724 HR It Heidenskip
Pilots go into hiding in It Heidenskip
23
6

Information panel Boer Kuiper

It Heidenskip
Information panel Boer Kuiper
32
7

Resistance plaque Gaastmeer

J.Jelles Hofstrjitte 14
8611 JT Gaastmeer
Resistance plaque Gaastmeer
34 33 32 31
8

Explosion of an ammunition train

Stasjonsleane 5
8614 AN Oudega
Explosion of an ammunition train
15 14
9

War Memorial Hieslum

Sierdsmaweg 6
Hieslum
War Memorial Hieslum
10 09 07 02 01
10

Allied War Graves in Workum

Spoardyk 52
Workum
Allied War Graves in Workum
20
21
19
96
18
23
32
34
33
32
31
15
14
10
09
07
02
01